CBD vs. THC: Properties, Benefits, and Side Effects

CBD vs. THC: Properties, Benefits, and Side Effects

With CBD products being legally available for use, there has been growing interest in cannabinoids and how they work for us. Among the many cannabinoids that the cannabis or hemp plants have, perhaps the two most renowned are THC and CBD. Known otherwise as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), these are the two top tier cannabinoids naturally found in cannabis genus.

With the legal hemp plant products in the market and the ability to buy these products over the counter, and the fact that hemp is a strain of the cannabis genus, there might be some questions how different or similar THC and CBD are.

You can read on more to understand what the similarities or differences are between CBD and THC.



CBD Vs. THC: The Similarities and differences


CBD Vs. THC: The Similarities and differences

CBD Vs. THC: The Similarities and differences

Before your start wondering what’s THC or what does CBD with THC mean let’s look at the different properties.

Not just cannabinoids

We already know that CBD and THC are both cannabinoids, but what you may not is that both of them also have the same molecular structure as well. While there is a minute difference in how the atoms are arranges, the chemical structure is otherwise quite identical.

Interaction with the body

The similarities do not stop here. If you wish to dive in further to differentiate on how CBD vs. THC differ in how they interact with the body, there is also another similarity there. This is because both CBD and THC interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. This is possible because both are chemically similar to the body’s endocannabinoids and as such are able to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the body. This interaction in turn affects the release of neurotransmitters in the brain which allows for the impact THC and CBD are known to make on pain, stress, sleep, immune function and other such abilities.





CBD and THC: Non-Psychoactive and Psychoactive

CBD and THC: Non-Psychoactive and Psychoactive

Many people tend to think that by association with the cannabis genus THC and CBD have psychoactive effects. That is only halfway true.

Out of the two, if you would have to draw a stark difference between THC and CBD, it would be this. THC is actually known to be quite psychoactive, if taken in high doses it can impair mental faculties. However, that is not the case with CBD. Unlike THC, CBD does not induce a ‘high’ since it is not a psychoactive compound. It is quite popular for this reason; the ability to take advantage of the plant’s health benefits without it affecting the ability to remain clearheaded.




Here is yet another big difference in CBD vs. THC. This plays into the cannabinoids’ ability to affect the ability to remain clearheaded.

In the UK CBD oil and other such products are easily available in specialty stores or even online stores. This is because apart from the requirement that CBD product be produced from the industrial strain of the hemp plant (which is known to have higher amounts of CBD), the other stipulation is that there be no more than 0.2% of THC in the products.

This relates to the controlled substances law where THC is a controlled substance because of its euphoria and ‘high’ causing effects.



Drug Testing


Drug Testing

Drug Testing

Owing to the fact that THC is a controlled substance, it can prove a problem if where you work requires to have regular or periodic drug testing. This is because of the substances these test looks for, THC is one of them. So it is quite possible that THC heavy products may put you in trouble.

CBD on the other hand is something that most of these tests are not looking for. Particularly if you are using pure CBD products, broad spectrum CBD or CBD products derived from hemp plants and even in cases where the bottle clearly shows information of the volume of ingredients. However, if you prefer using full spectrum CBD, which have some percentage of THC, in high doses, the THC level could become significant enough to show on a drug test.

Other psychoactive component

It is not just about the ability of maintaining a clearheaded state. Another area where there is a big difference between CBD and THC lies in how they impact anxiety, stress and other anxiety disorders.

Due to its ability to produce a calming affect without causing intense sedation or extreme psychoactive effects, CBD is a beloved compound. It is a powerful cannabinoid which is popularly used to manage conditions related to anxiety and stress. Most people report a calming effect where stress becomes manageable.

THC can be counteractive because of its psychoactive properties. Why may you ask? While it can also help drive away focus from worries and sedate you, there is the fact that the high associated with THC may prove counteractive. For many the high state may actually exacerbate symptoms like paranoia which can intensity stress and anxiety instead of reducing or subduing it.



Reasons for Usage


CBD and THC are used for a wide range of medical conditions.

CBD is used to help with:

  • Pain
  • Anxiety
  • Inflammation
  • Seizures
  • Nausea
  • Depression
  • Cancer related symptoms

While THC is also used to help with certain conditions like:

  • Pain
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Appetite

What could be better?

Both THC and CBD are quite powerful cannabinoids found in nature. But the photoactive effects of THC has led people to gravitate more towards hemp derived CBD products in the shape of CBD oil, gummies, topicals and various edibles. Not only are they proven effective against stress and pain among other symptoms but can also be incorporated into daily life and workout routine due to no issues with its legality, access or impact on mental faculties.

But as always, you should always consult your GP before starting using any of these cannabinoids.

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